By Bengt Sundkler
The overdue Bengt Sundkler, missionary, bishop, and educational, pioneered the research of autonomous church buildings in Africa. during this magisterial paintings, he stories the whole heritage of the advance of Christianity in all areas of the continent. not like the normal concentrate on the missionary company, Professor Sundkler areas the African converts on the centre of the examine. African Christians, generally drawn from the margins of society, reinterpreted the Christian message, proselytised, ruled neighborhood congregations, and organised self reliant church buildings. Emphasising African tasks within the technique of Christianisation, he argues that its improvement used to be formed by way of African kings and courts, the heritage of labour migration, and native stories of colonisation. This long-awaited ebook becomes the traditional reference on African Christian church buildings.
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Extra resources for A History of the Church in Africa
36 However, there followed an of®cial imperial initiative which was signi®cant in subsequent development in the country. Emperor Justinian in Constantinople, as much churchman as political ruler, was anxious to preserve the unity of his realm by insisting on the Orthodox faith as formulated by Chalcedon. He could not, however, avoid opposition, particularly as his empress Theodora was an enthusiastic protectress of the Unionite conviction. A Coptic priest named Julian implored Theodora to send missionaries to Nubia and the zealous empress suggested to the Emperor that Julian should be sent.
That I have already done. ' `You have lived in sacrilege and have made yourself the enemy of the gods of Rome. Therefore your blood will be the sanction of the laws . . ' The executioner arrived and the bishop ordered that this man receive twenty-®ve pieces of gold. While this was carried out, the faithful spread cloths and towels around the bishop in order to gather the precious blood of the martyr. Then St Cyprian bound his own eyes. As he could not tie his own hands, the priest Julian, together with a deacon, offered him this service.
In Byzantine Constantinople, the ambitious law-giver, Justinian (Emperor 527±65) had, in his youth, shown Unionite sympathies. However, as Emperor he held ®rmly to that religious policy which was most likely to serve the uni®cation of his vast empire, in this case, the Chalcedonian position. He saw himself as Emperor and priest in one. Church and State were to be totally integrated. There was, however, an embarrassing hitch: his empress, Theodora (d. 548). A woman of humble background, she had ideas of her own.
A History of the Church in Africa by Bengt Sundkler