By Peter Dwyer, Leo Zeilig
This groundbreaking research examines the profits, contradictions, and frustrations of twenty-first century prodemocracy struggles throughout Southern Africa.
Three prime Africa students examine the social forces riding the democratic transformation of postcolonial states throughout southern Africa. large examine and interviews with civil society organizers in Zimbabwe, South Africa, Zambia, Malawi, Namibia, and Swaziland tell this research of the demanding situations confronted through non-governmental corporations in touching on either to the attendant inequality of globalization and to grassroots struggles for social justice.
About the Authors:
Peter Dwyer is a show in economics at Ruskin university in Oxford.
Leo Zeilig Lecturer on the Institute of Commonwealth reports, collage of London.
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Additional resources for African Struggles Today: Social Movements Since Independence
This book identifies three major cycles of protest in recent African history, when social movements played a vital role in challenging injustice and exploitation and raised the possibility of radical social change. The first was the movement for political independence in post–World War II Africa, which led to the establishment of new nation-states across most of the continent by the 1960s. The second was triggered by the first wave of structural adjustment programs imposed by the IMF and World Bank but often implemented “voluntarily” by African governments from the late 1970s onwards.
This period saw the convergence of social movements, frequently drawn together by the organizing strength and militancy of organized labor. ”33 This was arguably the most important show of collective and organizational power in the history of the continent’s social movements, in general, and of trade unions in particular. There were nevertheless significant problems with the opposition movements that emerged and the processes of democratic transition they initiated. 34 Despite this, the solutions put forward by trade union–led movements were general and amorphous, speaking ubiquitously of “change”: for example, in French, changement politique; in Senegalese Wolof, sopi; and in Zimbabwean Shona, chinja.
To the ways in which social power is constructed rather than structured. ”43 Jean-François Bayart is one of the most important representatives of these trends. His work rightly rejects analysis of Africa through models of development and dependency and opposes older structuralist categories that saw African people as the victims of extraneous forces beyond their control. In so doing, however, Bayart dispenses with useful universal frames of analysis, such as class, imperialism, and the state:44 The social groups involved in the invention of politics in Africa .
African Struggles Today: Social Movements Since Independence by Peter Dwyer, Leo Zeilig