By Maria Caridad Cruz, Roberto Sanchez Medina
This article follows Cuba's efforts to dig itself out of an financial rut via new and unique examine referring to creation, aid platforms, caliber upkeep, and exchange structures of Havana and its city agricultural quarter. distinctive awareness is given to numerous similar parts, together with criminal frameworks, problems with irrigation, ladies and their participation within the agricultural area. This ebook has been ready for researchers, experts, manufacturers, scholars, choice makers and people with a basic curiosity within the administration and keep an eye on of the city setting.
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Additional info for Agriculture in the City: A Key to Sustainability in Havana, Cuba
44 Evolution of Urban Agriculture in Havana Agriculture-Livestock Production Cooperatives and Credit and Service Cooperatives The agriculture-livestock production cooperative (Cooperative de Produccion Agropecuaria, CPA) is a partnership mode, created in Cuba in 1976, whereby farmers voluntarily join their lands and production means and organize a collectively-managed operation. In Havana there is only one CPA; it is devoted to sugar cane crops and is not included in this study. At the beginning of the 1990s another CPA was formed with farmers and land users in the area of the Parque Metropolitano de La Habana (PMH) project, but this cooperative failed.
In fact, the current output is actually five times higher than that of 1996. 6 per cent, respectively, thus showing that a higher concentration of producers correlates with the increase in the average area per garden and the level of production reached. The marketing of products from the intensive-cultivation gardens as well as the marketing of surplus from plots, if any, is done in situ or in the recently established retail outlets authorized by the Urban Agriculture Local Office and the Municipal Management Councils.
The members also deal with accounts and bank loans. As required by their operations, they elect a President and a Board of Directors. Currently, 36 per cent of the agricultural land in Cuba is managed as UBPCs, according to information supplied by the National Television News Report on December 15, 2000. In order to form a UBPC in Havana, a group of people (family members are not excluded) get together and submit an application to Comisiones Agrarias Municipales (the Municipal Agrarian Commission).
Agriculture in the City: A Key to Sustainability in Havana, Cuba by Maria Caridad Cruz, Roberto Sanchez Medina