By Osama Abi-Mershed
Among 1830 and 1870, French military officials serving within the colonial workplaces of Arab Affairs profoundly altered the process political decision-making in Algeria. Guided through the modernizing ideologies of the Saint-Simonian university of their improvement and implementation of colonial coverage, the officials articulated a brand new doctrine and framework for governing the Muslim and eu populations of Algeria. Apostles of Modernity indicates the evolution of this civilizing undertaking in Algeria, and illustrates how those forty years have been decisive in shaping the critical ideological tenets in French colonization of the region.This ebook bargains a rethinking of 19th-century French colonial heritage. It unearths not just what the increase of Europe implied for the cultural identities of non-elite heart Easterners and North Africans, but additionally what dynamics have been keen on the imposition or neighborhood adoptions of ecu cultural norms and the way the colonial come across impacted the cultural identities of the colonizers themselves.
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Additional resources for Apostles of Modernity: Saint-Simonians and the Civilizing Mission in Algeria
The Supreme Father and his followers then set their utopian sights upon more welcoming lands, namely Egypt and the Ottoman Empire. 40 The introduction of Saint-Simon to the inner ranks of the École Polytechnique resulted from his personal association with two of the school’s founding fathers: the chemist Antoine de Fourcroy (1755–1809) and the mathematician Gaspard Monge (1746–1818), the latter a veteran of the Napoleonic expedition to Egypt and former director of the Institut d’Égypte. Saint-Simon’s fascination with the rarefied atmosphere of the academy was such that, in 1798, he relocated to an apartment opposite its walls in order to mingle more readily with its faculty and students and rekindle his own scientific edification.
The purpose of my study of the Arab Bureaux is to show that the general theory of colonial assimilation fails to fit the facts of policy making in Algeria, especially during the formative decades of French rule. Political and cultural assimilation, I will argue, was not the undisputed doctrinal lodestar for colonial policies and seldom did it unify the French administration with a bedrock of operative principles before 1870. 4 Ideological differences and organizational disputes hindered the development of tenable guidelines for the colonial state, and the very need to manage sociocultural conditions in the colony inhibited the local reproduction of metropolitan practices and relations.
Association became the colonial doctrine of choice and remained so until the collapse of the Second Empire in September 1870. Chapter Two The Moral Conquest When one seeks to conquer a country, in the true sense of the word, one must accomplish two types of conquest: that of the terrain, which is the material conquest, and that of the population, which is the moral conquest. The fi rst is carried out by the force of arms, and at times lasts little more than four to five great battles . . ; the second is achieved by the force of ideas, and it may require centuries.
Apostles of Modernity: Saint-Simonians and the Civilizing Mission in Algeria by Osama Abi-Mershed